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Author Topic: Barnaul - Барнау́л - Altai Krai - Turkestan - Siberia Railway - Demidov  (Read 1771 times)

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Offline mendeleyev

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Barnaul (Барнау́л)

Barnaul is a city and the administrative center of Altai Krai, Russia. Barnaul is situated in the southwest of the Siberian Federal District on the Ob River. Population: 649,600.

The city lies along the Ob River in the West Siberian Plain. It is the closest major city to the Altai Mountains to the south. Barnaul is also situated relatively close to the border with the countries of Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China. By the 1900s, Barnaul had grown into a major center for trade and culture of the region, especially after the construction of the Turkestan-Siberia Railway.

Barnaul is known as a Siberian scientific center. Five universities, including I. I. Polzunov, Altai State Technical University, Barnaul State Pedagogical University, Altai State Medical University and Altai State University, as well as 35 libraries are located there. It also has five theatres and three museums.

Tallest building at 25 floors.

Barnaul is linked by air, railways, roads and riverboats with other parts of Russia. The city lies approximately 220 kilometers (137 mi) south of Novosibirsk, the largest city in Siberia and the third-largest in Russia. It is at a junction of the Novosibirsk–Almaty and Biysk train lines. There are also frequent buses to nearby cities Biysk and Gorno-Altaysk. Public transport includes buses, electric trolleys, and taxis.

Barnaul Diagnostic hospital.

Despite the fact that Barnaul was thousands of miles away from the actual fighting, hundreds of thousands of citizens from Altai Krai were killed on the front during World War II.

Barnaul was one of the earlier cities established in Siberia. Originally chosen for its proximity to the mineral-rich Altai Mountains and its location on a major river, the site was founded by the wealthy Demidov family in the 1730s. In addition to the copper which had originally attracted the Demidovs, substantial deposits of silver were soon found as well. In 1747, the Demidovs' factories were taken over by the Crown, and soon became the major silver center of Russia.

City Duma building.

Restaurant Imperator, sample of the area's wood buildings.

The latest news, in English, from the Barnaul area: