Kirov was formerly known as Vyatka and Khlynov and is a city in north-eastern European Russia, on the Vyatka River. It is the administrative center of the Kirov Oblast with a population of over 440,000. High up near the Arctic Circle, Kirov is mild in summer and very, very cold in winter!
By 1781 Catherine the Great had renamed Khlynov to Vyatka and made it a centre of a regional governorship. She also make it a place of exile. By the end of the 19th century, it was an important station on the Trans-Siberian railway. In December 1934, it was renamed after the Soviet leader Sergey Kirov.
The Kirov region is also famous for some of the worst highways and city streets among neighbour regions and it's river port went bankrupt in the past few years with the remains boats being sold and moved out of the region. The airport was shut down thru the 1990s but a local company nows flies to Moscow a few times per week.
Historic Trifonosky Monastery.
The region borders on Tatarstan and the Republic of Mari El in the south, Volgograd Region in the west, Arkhangelsk Region and the Komi Republic in the north, the Komi-Permyak Autonomous District in the northeast, and the Udmurt Republic in the southeast, which ensures stable internal and foreign economic ties.
Kirov "sleeping zones" (apartments).
The climate is temperate continental with an average January temperature of -14 °C and an average July temperature of +17 °C. Annual precipitation is about 500 mm.
Kirov Technical University.
The main industrial sectors are engineering and metalworking, nonferrous and ferrous metallurgy, and the chemical, microbiological, forest, woodworking, pulp and paper, light (including leather shoes and furs), and food industries. Production of building materials, phosphorite, and peat is also important.
The city of Kirov is also an important scientific and cultural center. Architectural and historical monuments that have been preserved in the city and the region are of great historical significance.
Bridge over the Vyatka river.
The main rivers are the Vyatka and Kama, which are part of the Volga Basin.
Four state and 10 private higher educational institutions and more than 50 specialized secondary schools operate in the region. In addition, there are more than 1000 libraries (one of which, the Gertsen Regional Science Library, is the country's oldest library), more than 1000 clubs, 3 theaters, 35 museums (the Vasnetsov Regional Art Museum is one of the country's leading museums), a museum of anthropology, a philharmonic, an organ hall in Aleksandrovsky Catholic Church, and exhibition halls.