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Author Topic: The shashka - sword of the Cossacks  (Read 2715 times)

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Offline Larry

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The shashka - sword of the Cossacks
« on: December 29, 2014, 12:51:18 PM »
When I was a boy I loved Cossack toy soldiers, especially their papakha hats. I had no idea that their attire came from the Circassians and other tribes of the Caucasus.

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The shashka – the highland blade that came down to the masses

December 29, 2014 Alexander Vershinin, special to RBTH 

The versatility of the shashka predestined it to a military future far beyond its humble origins among the mountain clans of the Caucasus. Given to boys as future warriors and passed down through generations, this bladed weapon blazed a fearsome trail from Russia’s southern battlefields to the ruins of Hitler’s Berlin.

First forged by Caucasian highlanders, the shashka sword was compact, easy to use, highly lethal, and a weapon for life.

Midway between a full saber and a straight sword, the shashka was actually inspired by traditional Caucasian daggers, drawing its name from the Circassian for “big knife.”

Often fashioned with an ornate blade and hilt, it was the traditional side-arm of the Circassian hillfolk for centuries before its rise to prominence in the 1900s in the Russian army.

Also resembling a thin, tapered machete, the gently curving blade of the shashka can be up to a meter (3.3 feet) long and a kilogram (2.2 lbs) in weight. The proportions and design were ideal for mountain fighting, clashes on narrow winding tracks and in forest - or in a melee of infantry or cavalry.

While the weapon was widely accessible, mastering it demanded specific skills as the absence of a hand guard made it hard to parry blows. But its slender lines also meant it could be quickly unsheathed to strike hard and fast without a swing, and returned just as quickly to the on-guard position to strike again.

Often a single lunge with the weapon sufficed, much like the Japanese warrior’s samurai sword. But unlike the samurai and sabre, the shashka was easy to make, an essential requirement for these poor Caucasus regions.

Russian Cossacks who settled in the foothills of the Caucasus and served as border guards quickly saw the advantages of the highland weapon.

The Circassians were their worst enemies but the Cossacks still adopted many basic elements of their military dress and weapons, like the massive papakha fur hat.

They also appropriated their favourite bladed weapon and the Circassian art of twirling it for visual effect, as well as their dzhigitovka horseback trick riding, which the Cossacks essentially made a sport of.

The Russians also took the adopted weaponry a step further. In 1838, an improved version called the Baklanov shashka entered service with Cossack units. Named after the legendary Cossack general and bane of the Circassians and Chechens, Yakov Baklanov, the weapon was a fusion of the shashka and the sabre. Having a curved blade and a displaced center of gravity, the weapon could decapitate an enemy in one solid blow.

Through the Cossacks the shashka quickly became popular throughout the Russian army. By the mid-19th century, many units were already carrying it, and by the second half of the century it had supplanted the saber as the main cavalry armament.

Hussar sabers and cuirassier and officers’ swords were gone, their large swinging arc rendering them obsolete in the age of firearms. Meanwhile, the compact shashka was often better suited to close-quarter fighting than a revolver.

By the start of World War I, the weapon had become a distinctive symbol of the Russian army, just as it had found fame and glory among the Cossack border guards.

After the 1917 Revolution the shashka became the primary edged weapon of the Red Army, and remained in use in Soviet cavalry units during the Second World War.

http://rbth.com/defence/2014/12/29/the_shashka_the_highland_blade_that_came_down_to_the_masses_42643.html

Here is a photo of a Cossack with his shashka:



There are other photos at the link.

Offline AJ

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Re: The shashka - sword of the Cossacks
« Reply #1 on: December 29, 2014, 01:04:03 PM »
 The technique would be interesting without a cross guard, as both thrust or parry would change?
The guards there often as much to keep your hand from sliding up the blade as to keep an opponents blade
from running down your own?

Where is member ward cleaver?

:)
she had a hip with bad habits , and a shake that was a bit obscene

Offline Larry

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Re: The shashka - sword of the Cossacks
« Reply #2 on: December 29, 2014, 01:20:55 PM »
The technique would be interesting without a cross guard, as both thrust or parry would change?
The guards there often as much to keep your hand from sliding up the blade as to keep an opponents blade
from running down your own?

AJ, I went online to see if they added guards to the swords at a certain point in time but I couldn't quickly get a definitive answer to this question, although every photo of a shashka showed it without a guard.  But I did find one bit that might explain the absence of a guard:

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An impressive sight of attacking Cossack detachment has been used in many films about the civil war in Russia.  But every man who was taught to use shashka in childhood would see many strange things in these films. For example, in the famous Soviet film “Chapayev” two   cavalry detachments try to use against each other the shashka’s strikes  intended for the destruction of infantrymen

http://aksem62.com/traditional-cossack-weapons-2/the-use-of-cossack-shashka

I also come across a video of this FSUW twirling swords.  It must be dangerous.  Look how she has shredded her pants:



 

 

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