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Author Topic: Culture and Arts in Russia & Ukraine  (Read 32229 times)

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Offline Chris

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Culture and Arts in Russia & Ukraine
« on: September 15, 2007, 08:32:38 AM »
SIGHTS

Andreevsky Spusk Andreevsky Spusk is one of the oldest streets in Kiev

Askold's Grave Askold's Grave is a part of the park complex on the right bank of the Dnepr River.

Babiy Yar Babiy Yar is a ruefully known place of grief over the victims of appalling genocide, anti-Semitism and World War II

Golden Gate  Golden Gate is a unique fortification architecture monument that survived until nowadays

Kievo-Pecherskaya Lavra On the high hills of the right bank of the Dnepr River magnificent Kievo-Pecherskaya Lavra topped with gilded domes is situated.

Kreschatik Kreschatik is the most famous and one of the busiest streets in Kiev

Podol is an old district of Kiev, where craftsmen and fishermen used to live.

St. Sofia Cathedral St. Sofia Cathedral is the world famous historical and architectural monument of the first half of the 11th century



Offline Chris

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Re: Culture and Arts in Kiev
« Reply #1 on: September 15, 2007, 08:44:44 AM »
MUSEUMS

ARTEast Gallery A lot of art lovers consider ARTEast Art Gallery to be the best in Ukraine.

Kiev Art Gallery Kiev Art Gallery offering various works of art to everyone's taste is a modern American and Ukrainian joint project

Kiev Museum of Western and Oriental Art The Museum of Art named after Bogdan and Varvara Khanenko was founded in 1919 on the basis of their private museum

Museum of Cultural Heritage The Museum of Cultural Heritage was open on May 29, 1999. This museum presents the works by those Ukrainian artists who were compelled to live abroad.

National Art Museum of Ukraine One hundred years old. The 1990s, the first decade of Ukrainian independence, were the time when museum came to an international level.

National Museum of Medicine of Ukraine The National Museum of Medicine of Ukraine was founded in Kiev in 1973.

Ukrainian State Museum of Theater, Music and Cinema The State Museum of Theater, Music and Cinema of Ukraine is the only museum of this kind in the country

Offline mendeleyev

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Re: Culture and Arts in Kiev
« Reply #2 on: September 16, 2007, 01:35:38 AM »
Chris, very nice!  Thanks for posting these links.

Do you mind if we include the Kyiv Symphony Orchestra and Chorus?  http://www.musicmissionkiev.org/tour.cfm

They Kyiv Symphony is a unique organization:
- They perform concerts thru the year in Kyiv.
- As a fulltime professional Symphony they perform frequently on Ukrainian radio and television.
- As a nonprofit organization they provide employment to talented professional Ukrainian musicians.
- Part of their income also operates a daily food bank for old widows/widower pensioners.
- Another part of their income operates a free medical outreach to Kyiv street children.
- Another part of their income operates two children's orphanages in the Kyivskaya Oblast (region).
- They also operate a big brothers/big sisters program modeled after the American/British organizations.
- They operate a summer camp for older teen orphans who are about to be released into general society.

Did I mention that they are professional, world-class musicians?

Every other year they tour the USA with fund-raising concerts.  There are no ticket prices, you listen to a two hour concert and can make donations as well as purchase CDs, calendars, etc.

They will be in the western USA in the fall of 2008.

For those of us in Arizona there will be a Scottsdale concert, three Mesa concerts, and two Prescott concerts.  Also several in California.

If you live in a tour city (see website) you can volunteer to host musicians in your home, prepare meals for the orchestra during their stay, be a concert usher, help with publicity, etc.

It is a wonderful organization, the musicians are friendly, and the quality of the performanaces is world-class (they've played in Carnagie Hall for example).


Offline Chris

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Re: Culture and Arts in Kiev
« Reply #3 on: September 16, 2007, 02:09:08 AM »
Thanks mendeleyev,

Please feel free to add what you want to this thread, I am just trying to add some items of interest for people who may be passing through Kiev in the future.

Chris

Offline Cestmoi

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Re: Culture and Arts in Kiev
« Reply #4 on: February 04, 2008, 01:20:52 AM »
There is also museum of Russian art - just next to museum of Western and Oriental art.
Museum of Russian art has absolutely stunning collections of Aivasovskiy, Shishkin, Ge, Vrubel, ancient russian icons, i might be mistaking, but i think they also have Vasnetsov. It's a must see place. The interior decoration of the museum is also very interesting. In addition to regular collection, they often have temporary exhibitions on the 1st floor. Usually very interesting too. 

for classical music - 2 polish catholic cathedrals - on chervonoarmiyska and triohsviatytilska, and Andriivska church on Andriivsky spusk.

also St.Michael's Cathedral - straight across from St.Sofia's Cathedral.
St.Michaels' does not have such old fresques as St.Sofia's does, but it's still very beautiful - outside and inside.

Offline Ferret

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Re: Culture and Arts in Kiev
« Reply #5 on: February 04, 2008, 03:30:57 PM »
Already mentioned the National Art Museum of Ukraine
http://www.kiev.info/culture/national_art.htm
If you love art, leave plenty of time for a long visit there. Just the walk up to and past the big lions is something.
Ferret

Offline Chris

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Russian, Ukrainian and FSU Art
« Reply #6 on: August 31, 2008, 03:21:41 AM »
Russian culture is one that is rich and colorful, Russian art is considered by some to be very interesting and unique. When we say Russian  we really mean all of the countries of the Former Soviet Union, as there are many famous painters and artists from all the regions.

However, there was also Soviet Art - During the Russian Revolution a movement was initiated to put all arts to service of the dictatorship of the proletariat. The instrument for this was created just days before the October Revolution, known as Proletkult, an abbreviation for "Proletarskie kulturno-prosvetitelnye organizatsii" (Proletarian Cultural and Enlightenment Organizations). A prominent theorist of this movement was Alexander Bogdanov. Initially Narkompros (ministry of education), which was also in charge of the arts, supported Proletkult. However, the latter sought too much independence from the ruling Communist Party of Bolsheviks, gained negative attitude of Vladimir Lenin, by 1922 declined considerably, and was eventually disbanded in 1932. After Stalin died Soviet Art went into decline as gradually Russians artists became more independent of the state and in the 1980s the government ruled that it could not restrict what Russians artists could paint.

The ideas of Proletkult attracted the intersests of Russian avantgarde, who strived to get rid of the conventions of "bourgeois art". Among notable persons of this movement was Kazimir Malevich. However the ideas of the avantgarde eventually clashed with the newly emerged state-sponsored direction of Socialist Realism.

In search of new forms of expression, the Proletkult organisation was highly eclectic in its art forms, and thus was prone to harsh criticism for inclusion of such modern directions as impressionism and cubism, since these movements existed before the revolution and hence were associated with "decadent bourgeois art".

Among early experiments of Proletkult was pragmaic aestetic of industrial art, the prominent theoretist being Boris Arvatov.

Another group was UNOVIS, a very short-lived but influential collection of young artists lead by Kasimir Malevich in the 1920's.

There are many era's of Russian Art and hopefully we can learn more about FSU art in general with RUA members help and experience.


Offline Chris

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Re: Russian, Ukrainian and FSU Art
« Reply #7 on: August 31, 2008, 03:26:25 AM »
Icon painting

Russian icon painting was inherited from the art of the Byzantine churches, and it soon became an offshoot version of the mosaic and fresco traditions. Icon paintings in Russia attempted to help people with their prayers without idolizing the figure in the painting. The most comprehensive collection of Icon art is found at the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow.

Rather than being a mere imitation, Russian icons had a peculiar style and masters such as Andrei Rublev took the icon to new heights.

For those art lovers a visit to the Tretyakov Gallery is a must, allow at least a whole day to see the majority of the exhibits there, including hundreds if not thousands of Icon paintings.

Example of a Russian Icon painting on wood

Saint Nicholas with 16 scenes from his life

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Offline Chris

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Re: Russian, Ukrainian and FSU Art
« Reply #8 on: August 31, 2008, 03:28:23 AM »
So what is an Icon?

An icon икона is a painting of a sacred person or event that bears religious meaning. In Greek, “icon” means “image” or “likeness.” The principle underlying the icon is the doctrine that God became visible in Christ and was thus for the first time able to be depicted. According to legend, the first icon painter was the apostle Luke. For the believer, the icon provides a means of seeing and, in a sense, communicating with the holy figure it portrays. However, while an icon is venerated, it is not itself the object of worship.

Russia inherited the tradition of icon painting from Byzantium when Vladimir adopted Christianity in the late tenth century. But it is possible to trace the roots of the icon all the way back to tomb portraits of ancient Egypt. Icon painting flourished in Russia, where several types of icons gained precedence, including one called the Umilenie or “Tenderness” icon depicting the Mother of God with the Christ child. Icon painting continued to develop in Russia throughout the medieval period and until the reforms of Peter the Great. At this time, painting was greatly secularized.

Interest in icons renewed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Icons were collected and restored, which led to newfound knowledge about the art of icon painting.

Numerous scholarly studies were made of the icon, and the history of Russian art was positively reevaluated in the light of the discoveries of the aesthetic achievements of old Russian painting. Special sections of the major art museums in St. Petersburg and Moscow were established to house and exhibit the newly restored icons.

Icons were originally used only in religious processions and in churches. However, beginning in the fifteenth century, growing prosperity allowed for the personal ownership of icons. People placed them in their homes, either in a corner of the room or over the head of the bed.

In churches, you will see icons on a special wall or screen that separates the sanctuary from the nave. This wall is called the iconostasis, a Byzantine form of church decoration which became highly developed in Russia. The iconostasis is made up of a number of tiers of icons, which depict the biblical history of the church. The order of the icons on the iconostasis does not change, but the number of tiers can vary. In the lower center of the iconostasis are the Royal Doors which lead into the altar area, reserved only for male celebrants. The icon to the left of the doors is that of the Virgin, and the icon on the right of the doors is that of the Savior.


Offline Chris

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Re: Russian, Ukrainian and FSU Art
« Reply #9 on: August 31, 2008, 03:36:43 AM »
During my travels around Russia and Ukraine I have often admired some of the oil paintings that are frequently displayed in many of the well known galleries, but sometimes you can find a few gems in little back street gallery's too. Last year I had the pleasure of meeting an artist in Chernivsti, Western Ukraine,  I bought some of his work and was so impressed that I commissioned him to paint me some more pieces, I now have around 8 original pieces of his work, all signed and dated.

The artist is called Tesler, he is little known outside Ukraine, but very talented never the  less, I have taken some photos of the paintings I have, unfortunately my photo skills do not do them justice, the colours are very strong and vibrant, in the original paintings, but at least it gives you a flavour of the style, type and quality that this artist can produce and his attention to detail.

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Offline Chris

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Re: Russian, Ukrainian and FSU Art
« Reply #10 on: August 31, 2008, 03:39:00 AM »
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Offline Chris

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Re: Russian, Ukrainian and FSU Art
« Reply #11 on: August 31, 2008, 03:43:27 AM »
Some landscapes and country scenes

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Offline Chris

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Re: Russian, Ukrainian and FSU Art
« Reply #12 on: August 31, 2008, 03:49:04 AM »
Russian avant-garde

The Russian avant-garde is an umbrella term used to define the large, influential wave of modernist art that flourished in Russia from approximately 1890 to 1930 - although some place its beginning as early as 1850 and its end as late as 1960. The term covers many separate, but inextricably related, art movements that occurred at the time; namely neo-primitivism, suprematism, constructivism, and futurism. Notable artists from this era include El Lissitzky, Kazimir Malevich, Wassily Kandinsky, Vladimir Tatlin, Alexander Rodchenko, and Marc Chagall amongst others. The Russian avant-garde reached its creative and popular height in the period between the Russian Revolution of 1917 and 1932, at which point the ideas of the avant-garde clashed with the newly emerged state-sponsored direction of Socialist Realism.

a few examples

Dancer with a Cat. 1914 by Yuri Annenkov

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Portrait of the Photographer and Artist M. Sherling. 1918.   

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Offline mendeleyev

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Re: Russian, Ukrainian and FSU Art
« Reply #13 on: August 31, 2008, 11:36:02 AM »
Wow Chris, very nice thread!

I find Tesler's style and clarity to be extraordinary!

Offline Chris

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Re: Russian, Ukrainian and FSU Art
« Reply #14 on: August 31, 2008, 12:26:31 PM »
Wow Chris, very nice thread!

I find Tesler's style and clarity to be extraordinary!

Yes he has an extraordinary talent, I wish I could do him justice and show them in much better detail with good quality photos of them.


 

 

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